Artificial intelligence and Robotics – Artificially designed process of thinking and reacting more like humans and its usage in mechanical manipulation of symbols was the first step or seed towards AI as laid down by attempts of classical philosophers. However, the instance during the beginning was thought to only produce results for abstract essence of mathematical reasoning. The process then was invented using programmable digital computer in the 1940’s.

“The field of AI research was founded at a workshop held on the campus of Dartmouth College during the summer of 1956. Many of them predicted that a machine as intelligent as a human being would exist in no more than a generation and they were given millions of dollars to make this vision come true.” – The history of Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Along with continued interest and consolidated demands of more perfect machine designs and algorithms necessary to execute more complex and advanced calculations. With new avenues explored in the field of parallel studies like cloud architecture, quantum computing & its challenges for the generations to come. All this concluded into a vast demand boom for intelligence faster, precise and reliable for daily short term and decade scaled operations. Investment and interest in AI boomed in the first decades of the 21st century.

WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE?

AI (pronounced AYE-EYE) or artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems.  In other words Artificial Intelligence (AI also machine intelligence, MI) is the study and creation of computer systems that can perceive, reason and act.

The primary aim of AI is to produce intelligent machines. Such intelligence to be exhibited by thinking, making decisions, solving problems, more importantly by learning. Particular applications of AI include expert systems, speech recognition and machine vision.

WHAT IS ROBOTICS?

Field of Robotics on the other hand is inclined towards the usage of robots. A mix of mechanical, computer and electrical engineering procedures and applications designed and executed for a specific or experimental task. Robots are designed to replace human actions. For instance – defusing a bomb or lifting heavy weight.

Artificial Intelligence vs Robotics?

“Its a very complex question to differentiate between Artificial intelligence and robotics. As we are advancing more towards research in their respective fields. More do we notice the requirement of one for the other to achieve a complex task. So if you ask me to conclude and form a possible single liner to explain the relativity. AI is more like a brain or thinking method or CPU whereas robots or robotics can be associated to executing the thoughts or programs in action using some sort of mechanism.”  – Sumeet Punmia, Technology Enthusiast

Are Artificial Intelligence and Robotics For Me?

Artificial intelligence and robotics field of study is not limited to talking bots or shiny metallic bodies. Artificial intelligence and robotics are getting popular in development of futuristic and advanced technologies. For instance, car giving you directions and a self driven car which takes you to desired destination. Those who work in these fields have a strong understanding of algorithms, logic programming, theorem proofs and user interfaces.

Who is hiring or looking for students of these subjects?

If you are a prospective student of artificial intelligence or robotics professional studies, you may want to work with companies engaged into building toys and electrical appliances, custom machinery, automation industries, car manufacturers, government and military agencies and organizations and many more emerging industries.

AI domains of study.

  1. Computer Science
  2. Cognitive Science
  3. Engineering
  4. Ethics
  5. Linguistics
  6. Logic
  7. Mathematics
  8. Natural Sciences
  9. Philosophy
  10. Physiology
  11. Psychology
  12. Statistics

Types of AI for beginners:

Weak AI – example Apple Siri (more like a personal assistant)
Strong AI – example Turing Test (method determined to think more like a human)

Usage of AI in industries:

Manufacturing
Safety & Security
Healthcare & Education
Business & Finance
Hosting & Cloud Solutions

Common Examples of AI Technology as per recent times:

RPA – Robotic Process Automation
ML – Machine Learning (Supervised & Unsupervised)
NLP – Natural Language Processing

Above and apart from all excitement and enthusiasm for AI and Robotics. There are masses that fear the development of this industry and associated technologies. There are pros and cons to everything. Only time will say what will be the future of AI & Robotics: will it attain human-level or above human-level intelligence.